ETTW0LQGY OF LOCAL KAMES. 845 village Bera, an orchard of ber trees : from !Nahar, a man's name meaning £ lion,* Nahra ; from Parsn, an abbreviation for Parasu-ram, Parsua ; from Bae [Sen], Raya; from Paramesvar Das, Pavesara ; and similarly Bisambhara? Dandisara, &c. We may now pass on to the first sub-division of class HI., in which are in- cluded aH such village names as originally were identical, without addition or alteration of any kind, with the- names borne by the founders ; though the orgin- al Identity, it must be remembered, is no guarantee against subsequent corrup- tion. One of the earliest examples in the district is afforded by the village Son, which is said to have been the capital of a Ei'ija Son—or more probably Sohan —Pal, a Toinar Thakur from Delhi, Sonkh, Sonsa, anil Sonoth, all three places in the immediate neighbourhood,, would also seem to be named after him and to prove that he was an historical personage of at least considerable local impor- tance. Another interesting illustration, which must also be of early date, is found in the name Dham Slnlia. Here Bham, which is the obsolete Prakrit form ofdharma and is not understood at the present day., runs a great risk of beino- altered by people who aim at correctness, but lack knowledge, into the more in- telligible word tlkan* In. modem times this style of nomenclature lias been so prevalent that a single pargana—Mah£-ban—supplies us -with the following ex* amples, riz., Birbal, Gajn, Misri, Bhura3 Suraj, Barn., Kaiisanga, Xauranga, Mursena, Bansa, Bhojtia, Bhima, and BUT,. Of these, Ransanga for Blip Siaha would scarcely have been recognizable but for the aid of local tradition. Occasion- ally the names of two Brothers, or other joint founders, are combined, as we see in Sampat-jogij Claiira-hausi^ Bincb~bii!aki? and Barnaul 'The latter is a curious contraction for HaraNavala; and asl the swing' is one of the popular institutions of Braj. the word not unfreqnently passes through a further corruption and Is pronounced Hindol, which means a swing. This will probably before long give occasion to a legend and a local festival in honor of Mdhi and Krishna. Under iihe same head comes the apparently Muharnmadan name Koh ; which, with the addition of the suffix jhil, is the designation of a decayed town on the left bank of the Jamtma to the north of the district. At no very great distance, but on the other side of the river, in Gnrgtow, is a second Koh ; and a third is in the Jalesar pargana^ wHct now forms part of the Eta district So far as I have any certain knowledge, the name is not found in any other part of India, though it occurs in Central Asia ; for I learn from Colonel Godwin Austen that there is a Hoh IE Ladak or ratlier Endok at the eastern end of the Pangang Lake, and on its very borders. The Y&rkaad 8?